From EHE to Mainstream, a circular journey.

When my daughter went to secondary school, it just didn’t fit. To be fair, it was not just the schools fault. You see, she suffered Meningitis when she was seven and she was left with brain damage. When she came around from three weeks on a ventilator in a medically-induced coma she was lucky to be alive. She’d lost her speech, her movement on her right side and her ability to walk.

What followed was little short of a miracle. With minimal help from the medical community, she started the slow process of learning to walk and talk again. She went back to school and there began the struggle with the system which eventually led to the decision that the system could not provide for her very individual needs. Primary school was okay. It was certainly not perfect, but she managed. Secondary school, on the other hand, was much more of a challenge. She managed one year at secondary school until eventually, with much negativity from the school and Local Authority, we sent our de-registration letter.

What followed was similar to many EHE familes. A period of de-schooling led to that all too familiar “what next” feeling. She did some on-line courses. She saw a private tutor, primarily focusing on English and Maths. During this period, she also sustained a serious injury to her ankle, which, over the course of the next year, put her in a wheelchair when outdoors and on crutches indoors. She now had coming to terms with a new disability and all of the associated pain and upset this brings.

Our EHE provision adapted. We focused on independence, resilience and coping strategies for a disabled teenager to be independent in life. Whilst she continued some academic work, of primary importance was her ability to interact with the world and to cope with her disability. We felt, and still do feel, that this is the biggest enabler for a young person coping with disability. Academic study can come at any time in life, but coping strategies can last a lifetime.

This year, in what would have been her year-11 year if she was in mainstream school, she has gone to college, on a pre-vocational course. It’s been a struggle at times but she’s done really well and we’re proud of her. Next year, she hopes to study Media. She’s come full-circle, from mainstream schooling, following a parabola through EHE and back to main-stream again next year. Her time as EHE has allowed her to step back and re-assess what she wants to achieve from education. It has allowed her to see education as a very personal, positive experience which she can be excited about. She is motivated and engaged. (most of the time, she is a teenager!)

Last week, it felt like all of our hard work had been justified, when the local authority EHE advisory teacher, who has always been very supportive, praised our daughters achievement and said her story was a “model” for other EHE parents in similar situations.

I would imagine many EHE parents and young people, particularly those with some element of special needs, will identify with this path. EHE is a great enabler, but many still want to be able to engage with mainstream higher and further education as a conclusion to their EHE journey. It’s great to be able to look forward to a life where a young person can fully integrate into society, taking their new-found confidence and skills that have been fostered by EHE. The next couple of years for our daughter could see a complete transformation. From young person to adult and due to some hopefully life-changing surgery, from wheelchair user to able-bodied young woman. We’re excited to see what the future holds.

Hytera MD65X DMR Mobile Radio – Review

Last week I received my new Hytera MD650 from my helpful Chinese supplier.

I am very impressed with the radio indeed. It is:

  • Well-built with a nice solid feel
  • Easy to use
  • Small

The radio came pre-programmed with the latest European version of the firmware; from the version 7 series and I was also supplied with the correct version of CPS.

You may have noticed that I have the MD650 – this is the Chinese, Zone 0 version. This is nothing to worry about, however. The supplier had pre-programmed the radio with the Zone 5 (Europe) firmware and provided the appropriate CPS to go with it. The hardware for all versions is the same. Buying the Chinese version direct from China was far cheaper than buying here in the UK.

Programming the radio with CPS was simple enough and will be no great challenge for anyone used to programming radios. I bought the PC-47 programming cable with the radio. Having pre-installed the driver and CPS software in a Windows Virtual Machine on my laptop (I use Linux) before receiving the radio, it worked first time.

I am very impressed with the simple, solid-feeling speaker-mic, which has the LCD display and all of the buttons required to operate the radio on it. Operation is intuitive and the transmit and receive audio is great, as confirmed by on-air comments. Dare I say it, but in subjective tests, it seems to consistently outperform many Motorola radios for audio quality. The AGC seems to work well too.

I have asked the supplier to get me a Roaming Licence, as this is separately licensed for Hytera radios, which he has promised to do.

All-in-all, I’m very satisfied, especially for the price – a little over 200 UKP; around 300 USD.

Shipping by DHL was reasonably priced and reliable.

I would definitely recommend the radio. I bought it from here.

Please note, I’m not affiliated with this seller but based on my experience with their service, I would thoroughly recommend them.


Thai Green Curry

Here is the simple recipe for Thai Green Curry I use. It’s easy and quick and tastes great:


  • 100g Thai Green curry paste – Mae Ploy or Maesri is what I use
  • 1 x White pak choi
  • baby corn
  • sugar snaps or mange tout
  • green chilli to taste
  • 2 x tins of good quality coconut milk (cheap, watery stuff makes a bad curry – try and get Thai coconut milk like Mae Ploy or Chaokoh)
  • Palm sugar
  • Thai Sweet Basil (optional but really adds to it!)

Note: vegetables can be switched up to you liking.

I tend to cook this in pretty big batches. You can halve the ingredients list if you like.

NEVER let this boil or it separates the coconut milk.

  1. Fry the curry paste in a little groundnut oil for a few minutes
  2. Add a tin of coconut milk, heat on a low heat and stir in the curry paste. Heat for a few minutes.
  3. Add chicken and cook for a few minutes without boiling
  4. When the mix is just under the boil, add the second tin of coconut milk.
  5. Cook until chicken is cooked through
  6. Chop vegetables, chilli and basil and add to the pan
  7. Add palm sugar to taste (approx 3 tsp)
  8. continue to cook for a few minutes whilst you cook some rice (Jasmine or Glutinous rice is good).
  9. Serve on rice.
  10. Garnish with a little Thai Sweet Basil and / or fresh green chilli to taste.

Shoreham Air Crash and the European “refugee crisis”

I’m struggling to reconcile the response to the Shoreham air crash with the current crisis involving refugees that is happening globally.

Don’t get me wrong, the Shoreham air crash was terrible and the families deserve help and support. However, in the last few days, I’ve seen shops collecting for the families, café’s donating their tips to the Shoreham air crash families. I have heard supposed stories of distant family members who barely knew the victims starting go fund me campaigns to cash in on the disaster and make £20-30k tax free profit from this tragic accident, effectively conning the public and exploiting someone’s death.

The families of the unfortunate victims will receive help, not least from the Public Liability Insurance for the event, as they rightly should without all of this public fund-raising. Is the offer of money not in some way insulting; it can’t bring someone back.

In sharp contrast, I have not seen any fund-raising for refugees locally. Just a modest contribution to this cause could greatly change the lives of these vulnerable people.

So, Great Britain, are eleven British lives really more important than thousands of others, just because they are British and died on British soil? In my mind, no they are not. These refugees (I refuse to call them migrants) deserve our help and support. If we have any humanity left in us, let’s remember the dead from the Shoreham air crash, let’s help the families, but let’s also offer the same compassion to those fleeing violence, oppression and death too.

The progression of the police state

“A society of free people will always have crime, violence and social disruption. It will never be completely safe. The alternative is a police state. A police state can give you safe streets, but only at the price of your human spirit. ”

These are the words of Alexander Shulgin in 1991, a name you may know as an expert in psychopharmacology. The full text of the lecture that this quote was taken from is linked below. I urge you to read it. He’s talking about the US war on drugs, but his words are strikingly relevant to the current “war on terror”. I do not post this for it’s words on drugs but rather as a mirror held up to the progression of society which is equally as applicable today as in 1991 when this was written.

Today, right now, our “leaders” are making an attack on our privacy, our right to expression, our right to communicate. David Cameron is seriously suggesting that the UK outlaw encryption and allow open monitoring of any and all of our communications, without the requirement for a court order. Does that fit the definition of a police state?

Don’t get me wrong, I understand that the security services need the ability to monitor, surveil, spy in the interest of national security, but not to offer the protection to the freedoms of the individual by requiring a court order to do so does, in my opinion cross the line into a police state and is disproportionate and dangerous, particularly if we allow politicians to decide who is surveiled and when. Politicians should only wield so much power and there should be protection against them using this power for their own gain.

There are so many parts of this text which are quote-worthy, but I will leave you with this.

“Let me ask each of you this simple question. What indicators would you accept as a definition of a police state, if it were to quietly materialize about you? I mean, a state that you could not tolerate.”

RIP Alexander Shulgin, 1925 – 2014.

Banks and other organisations are irresponsible to ask for personal details over the ‘phone.

We’ve all had a call from the bank, this is nothing new. However, in today’s day-and-age, why do banks and other organisations we have accounts with think it’s okay to ask for our personal details on the ‘phone?

Several times this week I’ve had a call from my  bank. Upon answering, I’ve been told that they want to speak to me about “personal banking matter” and then asked for my personal details. This could be your date of birth, postcode, address, account number or one of many more pieces of personal information. I politely declined, telling the call-centre droid that it was a personal security risk to give this information out on a incoming call. They then proceeded to give me a number to call back on, which I also declined for the same reason. When I called my bank to ask about the call, they told me I did the right thing by not giving my personal information, even though it appears that it was them who called me!

We all know about about identity theft. Many of us have heard of social engineering, so why do supposedly reputable organisations insist on using such poor practice to try and contact us? Surely, we all know that someone can easily ‘phone you and pretend to be someone they’re not? Caller-Line ID is easy to fake if you know how so even the ‘phone number isn’t much use to you.

The FSA should produce guidance on this and banks and other organisations should agree never to ask for information in this way, to help stamp out unintentional information disclosure to nefarious third parties.

But why don’t these organisations seem to care? The answer is simple, all they care about is profit. They are not actually concerned about safeguarding you as long as they turn a profit and as long as it does not harm their reputation. The only way this behaviour is going to stop is if we all refuse to give out this information and make their calling not worthwhile.

So, next time someone calls you like this, I urge you to politely decline to give information. It’s safer for you and if enough of us do it, these organsations will stop trying their luck.

Slow-cooked lamb and butternut squash curry.

This is our favourite slow-cooked curry. It’s super easy, feeds loads and tastes really good. Ingredients

  • 2 – 2.5 lb diced lamb
  • one to one and a half butternut squash, depending on size, diced.
  • four large onions, chopped
  • 1 large jar of  quality curry paste. I use Pataks paste, we like the madras.
  • A few birds eye chillies, if you like extra spice
  • 4 – 7 teaspoons of brown sugar, to taste
  • two tins of chopped tomatoes
  • two tbsp of oil


  1. Gently fry the onions on the oil until the begin to go translucent.
  2. Meanwhile, add the butternut squash, tomatoes and sugar to a large slow cooker and set to medium heat.
  3. Add the curry paste and fry for a few more mins.
  4. Add the chillies (if required) and the lamb and fry on a high heat for a few minutes to seal the meat.
  5. Add the meat / onion / curry paste mix to slow cooker and mix it up.
  6. Fill the curry paste jar half full with water, replace lid and shake.
  7. Poor the water into the pan and bring to the boil whilst stirring to deglaze the pan.
  8. Empty the water from the pan into the slow cooker and stir.
  9. Cover and cook until the butternut squash and meat falls apart easily when pushed against the side of the pot with a spoon. This will take approximately six hours. Do not open the slow cooker to test until at least five hours has passed as every time you open the slow cooker, you lose heat and it can extend the cooking time significantly.
  10. When cooked turn off slow cooker and allow to rest, preferably for at least an hour.
  11. Serve on basmati rice.

This dish works great with just about any good curry paste, just adjust the ingredients and seasoning to suit. It tastes even better if refrigerated overnight prior to serving. It keeps for ages in the ‘fridge and also freezes well.

Are online petition and lobbying groups just political parties in disguise? (Why I won’t share online petitions).

We’ve all done it; you receive a request to sign a petition from an organisation like 38 Degrees via email or Facebook and you sign and select the options to share with friends via twitter, Facebook, Google+ etc. It’s easy, quick and it doesn’t require much thought or effort.

These organisations claim to be non-political; to represent the masses without involving themselves in party politics but is this true? Humans have a tendency to form social groups, to follow, to succumb to peer pressure. Every time you share a petition on-line you’re using peer pressure to help these organsations coerce your friends into supporting their point of view. Organisations like 38 Degrees use inclusive language to make the reader feel a rapport, a belonging to the group at large. There is a strong psychological and sociological basis for this. Humans want, even need, to feel part of a group. The more of your friends who openly support these causes, the more likely you are to support them. A social network creates an implied trust and by extension, when an idea is shared in a social network it creates the same implied trust of the idea and it’s source in your network. Are you really so confident in the source and intention of a petition that you’re willing to personally vouch for it’s integrity? The same theory is used in sales and marketing and yes, also by political parties. Many of these petitions carry the equivalent of a tabloid headline. Emotive language is used to invoke an emotional response without proper consideration of the subject matter. This reaction makes it very easy to manipulate the masses in to showing support for an idea with very little understanding of the issues. Once you’ve shown support for the idea, you’re encouraged to use your social influence to convince your friends to do the same. This process could easily be manipulated. Petitions could be crafted to suggest successively more extreme ideas and many would not notice the resultant gradual erosion of their freedoms and extremism creeping in post by post. History has shown us that governments often go through the transition to extremism slowly, one seemingly reasonable change at a time.

Organisations like 38 degrees are, to me, overtly political even though they claim not to be. It could be argued that they are not party-political in the traditional sense as they seek to influence existing MPs regardless of party. Another argument is that they are a party themselves and should therefore “come out” and register their intention as such.

These sort of organisations, often with good intentions, seek to influence and change the current climate. I’m not saying this is a bad thing. However, I feel that this process should not be pressured. To force your ideas on someone is not freedom. People should be encouraged to understand issues and respond to them, not to react emotionally to tabloid headlines. To illustrate this point, imagine if every Daily Mail headline had a petition attached which readers were asked to sign immediately. I think we’d see some dangerous ideas seeing support when in reality many readers, with proper analysis of the issues, would not agree.

We have to accept that tabloid journalism and sensationalism is part of the political climate in the UK. I wonder if it’s safe, however, for this type of comment and political lobbying to be so closely linked.

So what can you do about it? Personally, I’ve made a decision to not share petitions on Facebook or Twitter any more. If you chose to sign a petition, do so after you’ve read the full text and understand the issues. If you don’t understand, you can always save signing for when you have enough information. Perhaps, abstinence from this debate is more appropriate? Sometimes it’s best to leave it to those who do understand. It used to be considered impolite to impose your political views on your friends and I feel it still should be. Remember, your Facebook friends don’t ask your opinion before every petition post. In this sense they are unsolicited, like spam, and have a real potential to cause annoyance and division between friends.

If you do choose to sign a petition or support a cause, that’s your decision, but don’t help the lobbying organisations pressure everyone else into thinking the same by exploiting your social networks to do so. If you need to share an idea you feel is important, do it personally, write something yourself and let your readers decide.

Black History?

My daughter’s school class talked about “black history” last week. They spoke about Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks. Now, whilst these people both have historically significant stories, is this not more American history?

I am puzzled why there appears to have been no mention of Africa and the common heritage of all African-descended peoples, why there was no mention of other signficant figures; there are plenty to choose from. Nelson Mandela, Malcolm X, Marcus Garvery, the list could go on, The aniversary of Halie Selassie’s famous “war” speech to the UN was on the fourth of this month.

Now I know, it’s only middle-school level and I can’t expect too much. However, the apartehied regime in South Africa, for example, was within my lifetime. Nelson Mandella was mentioned a lot in the news when I was young and the links between the regime in South Africa and the UK are arguably stronger than those between the UK and the USA. The same is true with Jamaica, being a former British colony. We also have a connection to India and hence to the life of Gandhi. Should black history not encompass more than just the USA; the majority of black peoples worldwide live outside of the USA.

I can’t help think that the school have paid lip-service to this part of the curriculm by providing a small snapshot of Black people in American culture. Perhaps if I lived in a more culturally-diverse area this would not be the case. I wonder if schools in more culturally diverse areas are more likely to provide a broader view of this subject. Now I know, all of this is probably not deliberate, the teachers probably have little knowledge of the subject matter themselves and even less time to research it. The lesson plan probably originated from a Google search which turned up american websites. However, should a broader view of this huge chunk of international history be more integrated into the school curriculm and by so doing understanding be cultivated, even in areas of lower cultural diversity?